PipeLineNews Archives: March 2013

Amnesty International Rips Mohamed Morsi Over the Continuing Persecution of Egypt's Christian Copts

March 27, 2013 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org -  Egyptian president Morsi is being targeted by the decidedly  leftist group, Amnesty International [AI], which accused the Muslim Brotherhood [MB] dictator of failing to protect Egypt's Christian Copts.

In a statement issued by the organization it demanded:
"...Coptic Christians [in Egypt] must be protected from sectarian violence.. “Time and time again, President Mohamed Morsy has claimed to be the president of all Egyptians. Now, he needs to take action to ensure that sectarian violence is prevented and when it occurs that it is properly investigated, with those responsible facing justice,” [source, Mahmoud Khaled, Amnesty Slams Morsi for Failing to Protect Copts, Almasry Alyoum, the Egyptian Independent]

While AI usually spends its time beating up "right wing," governments including that of the United States for "human rights abuses," it seldom has singled out any of the numerous leftist and now Islamist dictatorships which have exploded across the Middle East as a result of Barack Obama's "Arab Spring."

Muslim persecution of non-Muslims is endemic throughout the Islamic world as the Shari'a  makes no allowances for peacefully coexisting alongside other religions on an equal basis. This is rooted in the sense of triumphalism present in all Islamic theory; there is but on God, Allah, and his religion, Islam,  is preordained to dominate the Earth.
Therefore it is not and has no intention of being accommodative to other belief structures.

The increasing violence against the country's Copts tracks almost perfectly alongside the ascendancy of Egypt's terrorist Muslim Brotherhood, of which Morsi is a long-time leader. The mayhem committed against this tiny minority religious population runs the gamut from simply intimidation to the bombing and/or burning of Christian churches, torture and just about everything else imaginable in a ruthless and barbaric theocracy which has no need for accountability.

Previous Egyptian rulers kept a tight rein on the group's activities, often jailing them for extended periods of time in Egypt's horror filled prison system where more than a few were "eliminated," sometimes publicly as was the case with Sayyid Qutb, the MB's seminal theoretician, who was hanged for his revolutionary writings and activities in 1966 by then president, Gamal Abdel Nasser.

The real world effect of AI's condemnation will most likely be nil; Muslim revolutionaries generally are not want to heed the advice of "do-gooder," Western human rights activists and we see no reason for Mr. Morsi to stop his reign of terror on the strength of AI's criticism.
 

©2013 PipeLineNews.org LLC.  All rights reserved.

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More and More Young Muslims in Holland and Belgium Praise Hitler or Join the Jihad in Syria

By EMERSON VERMAAT

March 27, 2013 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - “I am pleased with what Hitler did to the Jews. As far as I am concerned, he should have killed all of them.” “I hate Jews, period. Nothing you will do will make me change my mind.” “I hope all those bloody Jews will die soon.” These anti-Semitic statements were made by Turkish high school students in the Dutch city of Arnhem. They were interviewed by Mehmed Sahin in a Dutch TV program called “Onbevoegd Gezag.” Sahin, who is of Turkish-Kurdish descent and also lives in Arnhem, is a researcher at Amsterdam’s Free University. He is currently writing his PhD.
 
Sahin was really shocked by what he heard. He had first asked these youngsters whether they knew who Anne Frank was. “Of course, we know,” they said. And then followed their spontaneous eulogy of Hitler and the Holocaust. It had been Sahin’s sincere intention to raise the topic of the Holocaust – not as a myth, but as a fact. He said that he wanted these Turkish high school students to change their mind so that they would stop hating Jews. “I think that you will have quite a different view next year,” Sahin told them. “You won’t succeed,”  was the reply. Moreover, Sahin’s “pro-Jewish” view was not appreciated at all by his anti-Semitic opponents in the Muslim community of Arnhem. Muslims from his own multicultural neighborhood reportedly issued death threats against him and he even had to go into hiding for some time.
 
Most of the high school students interviewed by Sahin are third-generation immigrants. Anti-Semitism is rampant amongst young Muslims, not only in Holland, but also in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France, Spain, Belgium, Britain, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Quite a lot of high school teachers in Europe’s big “multicultural” cities refuse to raise the topic of the Holocaust in the class room because that would provoke a hostile or even violent reaction on the part of Muslim students. This is a huge problem in Holland – the very country where Anne Frank was deported to Auschwitz. About 100,000 Jews from Holland died in the Nazi death camps of Auschwitz and Sobibor. Anne Frank barely survived Auschwitz, but she died in the Nazi concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen in March 1945 – just a few months before the end of the Second World War.
 
A recent Belgian survey on the attitudes of young people in the Flemish cities of Antwerp and Ghent finds that 45 percent of the young Muslims in those cities have an adverse attitude towards Jews believing, inter alia, that “Jews want to dominate everything.” Dutch journalist Bart Schut points out that half of all young Muslims in Belgium are anti-Semites, but in Antwerp, Schut emphasizes, the percentage of young Muslims with anti-Semitic attitudes is even as high as 85 percent!
 
In Brussels, the Jewish Maimonides Atheneum (Athénée Maïmonide) must now relocate, because, as an Israeli embassy employee explained, “the area has an immigrant population that doesn’t have a very favorable attitude to Jews.” The safety concerns sparked by Muslim hostility have prompted many families to move,” writes David J. Rusin in Islamist Watch. “The school is at the edge of the Anderlecht municipality, where a pro-Sharia candidate from an explicitly Islamic party won a local election in October.”
 
Most Muslims in Belgium have a Moroccan or Turkish background, but there is a more recent influx of immigrants from other Muslim countries. According to reliable findings from Brussel’s Free University (VUB), nearly 20 percent (one fifth) of the inhabitants of Brussels now speak Arabic.  The dominant languages in Brussels are still Flemish and French. “In recent years, mass immigration puts enormous pressure on the bilingual region of Brussels,” Brussels Minister Brigitte Grouwels told the Flemish newspaper De Standaard.
 
Muslim immigrants in Europe imported and are still importing the anti-Semitic views prevalent in their home countries. In Turkey, for example, anti-Semitic publications are becoming increasingly widespread and the current Islamic government is largely condoning anti-Semitic views. “The Turkish government takes no effective action to prevent the distribution of the anti-Semitic publications,” Israel’s Intelligence and Terrorism Center reported in 2008. “A blockbuster film called ‘Valley of the Wolves Iraq’ was produced in Turkey, based on a popular television series. Due to its anti-Semitic and anti-American character, the movie was pulled from theaters in the US and triggered harsh criticism in Germany, where it was shown to the Turkish community.” “The movie was shown at the Alexandria Film Festival in September 2007.” A Jewish doctor played by American actor Gary Busey “removes kidneys from Iraqi soldiers killed in the war and ships them to Tel Aviv, New York, and London to implant them in Jewish patients. The Jewish doctor in the movie is portrayed as corrupted, greedy, and vicious.”
 
It does not really help when Recep Tayyib Erdogan, Turkey’s current Islamist  Prime Minister,  equates Zionism with Fascism. He did so in Vienna on February 27 (2013) – at a meeting of the so-called “United Nations Alliance of Civilizations”, an organization dominated by Iran, Turkey, Qatar, Egypt and Pakistan. Anti-Zionism is today’s equivalent of anti-Semitism. Keep in mind that Erdogan wants Turkish immigrants in Europe to share his controversial views. He does not want them to adopt Western values and views. He is indeed quite popular among them. Fortunately, though, there are secular Turks who oppose him, but they do not represent the majority both in Europe and in Turkey.
 
Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in Europe and North America do not lose their Turkish or Moroccan nationality. This is the law of their home countries, but such laws hamper their integration into Western societies. The liberal Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad correctly summarized this dubious state policy as follows: “The Turkish state is the father of all Turks, also of those who are living outside of Turkey.” The same applies to the Moroccan state.
 
 
More and more young Muslims from Holland and Belgium now join the jihad in Syria
 
There are about one hundred jihadists (“holy warriors”) from Holland and about seventy jihadists from Belgium who are fighting in Syria. These numbers are quite alarming. Dutch security and terrorism experts believe that these jihadists are now receiving terrorist training from jihadist groups in Syria and could stage dangerous terror attacks after their return to Holland or Belgium.  Dick Schoof, the Dutch National Counter-Terrorism Coordinator (NTCB), raised the terror alert level from “limited” to “substantial” on March 13. There are many cases of Muslim “holy warriors” who were trained by militant groups in Pakistan/Afghanistan and then returned to Europe as dangerous terrorists. One of them was Mohammed Merah, an Algerian immigrant in Toulouse (southern France) who was trained by Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, then returned to France where he staged a number of terror attacks.  
 
Most of the jihadists from Holland and Belgium are radicalized Muslim immigrants or equally radicalized converts to Islam. Some of them are believed to be Surinamese immigrants in the Netherlands. But many of them will die as so-called “martyrs” in Syria, imagining that they will then go straight to their fictitious paradise.
 
Two jihadists from Holland are already dead. One of them is twenty-year-old Soufian, a Dutch-Moroccan citizen from a village between the cities of Rotterdam and Delft. The other one is Mourad Massali, a Dutch-Moroccan citizen from Delft. He lived in the problematic immigrant neighborhood   “Buitenhof.” Crime is rampant there, especially among Moroccan youths many of whom sympathize with Hamas, Al-Qaeda and Syrian jihadists. From Delft alone, about twenty youths have already left for Syria. One of them is a Dutch convert named Jordy, a close friend of Mourad’s. Mourad was married to a Dutch convert to Islam who is now pregnant.
 
Jolanda Gaal, a well-informed city council member from Delft, says that bearded Muslims give these frustrated and angry young men a lot of money  – between 5,000 and 10,000 euros – and also promise them that should they die in Syria, their families would be taken care of. The parents of these recruited jihadists are desperate but there is very little they can do about it. Islamist terror groups in Syria reportedly confiscate the passports of the new recruits from Holland and Belgium.
 
One of the jihadists from Belgium is a Muslim convert named Brian De Mulder. Brian’s mother and sister in Antwerp claim that he was recruited by Fouad Belkacem (alias Abu Imran), a Belgian-Moroccan citizen who leads the vocal Salafist fringe group “Sharia4Belgium.” “Fouad Belkacem will have to pay for it if 19-year-old Brian will be killed in Syria,” says Brian’s sister Bruna in an interview with the Flemish newspaper Gazet van Antwerpen. “I will have him to prosecuted.”
Militant Muslims want to silence her accusing her of slandering Islam and the Muslim prophet Mohammed. “They want to silence me, but they won’t succeed,” Bruna says. Brian was recognized by Bruna and his mother Rosana after the Syrian website Halab News Network showed a 7-minute internet film about forty jihadists in the Syrian province of Aleppo. Some of these jihadists spoke Dutch or Flemish. Brian was among them. He and the others were armed with Kalashnikovs. Rosana was flabbergasted and terrified when she recognized her son, especially when she saw “that weapon.” “You can see that he has been brainwashed, that he has no intention of returning home,” she told another Flemish newspaper. “It drives me mad. I want my son back.”
 
It is estimated there are over 170 jihadists from Holland and Belgium who are currently fighting in Syria.
 
 
The problem of crime
 
Another huge problem in Amsterdam, Maastricht, Venlo, Roermond, Antwerp and Brussels is Moroccan juvenile crime. The bulk of Amsterdam’s 600 serious and violent youth offenders consists of young Moroccan males. Young Dutch-Moroccan soccer players have a notorious reputation. Last December, for example, one or several of them kicked Dutch soccer lineman Richard Nieuwenhuizen so hard in the chest that he died a few hours later. Eight of them are on trial now but none of them wants to admit guilt.
Similarly, measures were taken against the Dutch-Turkish soccer club “Zaanstad Türk Spor” (ZTS), after a number of serious incidents. The problem is that these short-tempered teenagers often do not accept it when they loose a soccer game or when a lineman or arbitrator takes a decision they do not like. Their “honor” is then at stake. Muslim honor culture is really aimed against Western society and what we would describe as “fair play.”
 
The liberal Amsterdam newspaper De Volkskrant recently published a letter from Wilbert van Rijen, a high school teacher in Holland. He writes that his Turkish and Moroccan students insist on being Muslims first, secondly they are Turks or Moroccans and thirdly, after a long pause, they are Dutch. Should their sister ever marry a white “cheesehead,” she would be expelled from the family, they assured him.
 
Police in Holland and Belgium have huge files on hardened and well-armed Turkish and Moroccan criminals – a real “multicultural underworld.”  The Amsterdam police believe that Moroccan criminal gangs in Amsterdam and Brussels were responsible for at least one of the two spectacular armed robberies aimed at buildings of “Brink’s Money Transport” in the Netherlands. In both cases explosives and automatic weapons (Kalashnikovs) were used. The perpetrators managed to escape to Belgium and have not yet been caught. Understaffed police forces are neither able nor equipped to cope with these unprecedented levels of crime, unprecedented in the Netherlands and Belgium, that is. The violence employed by these gangs reminds us of what is happening in Mexico. A Dutch police union now proposes to employ non-lethal drones, but criminal defense lawyer Inez Weski said she is opposed to this idea. I tend to agree with the proposal made by police union, however.
 
 
Emerson Vermaat is an investigative reporter in the Netherlands specialized in crime and terrorism. Website: emersonvermaat.com.
 
 
 
Sources:
 
Onbevoegd gezag (Dutch TV, Channel Two), February 17, 2013; NRC Handelsblad (Amsterdam), March 15, 2013, p. 4, 5 (“De minister is niet meer verrast als jongeren Hitler prijzen”); NRC Handelsblad, March 13, 2013, p. 3 (Column by Arjen van Veelen:  “Liever naïef”).
 
De Volkskrant (Amsterdam), March 11, 2013, p. 5 (“Weinig steun voor bedreigde onderzoeker”).
 
Lilith Roggemans, Diederik Cops en Sammy Kolijn, Jong in Antwerpen en Gent, p. 6, 7 (JOP Monitor Gent-Antwerpen, 2013).
 
Bart Schut, Onrustbarend veel jonge moslims zijn antisemiet, De Volkskrant, March 18, 2013, p. 21.
 
David J. Rusin, Jews Leave Brussels, Islamist Watch, February 6, 2013.
 
De Standaard (Antwerp), March 21, 2013, p. 8, 9 (“Arabisch wint veld in Brussel”). Also quote from Brigitte Grouwels: “De massamigratie zet sinds enkele jaren ongelooflijke druk op de officiële tweetaligheid van het Gewest.”
 
Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, The Hate Industry: in recent years Anti-Semitic publications are becoming increasingly widespread in Turkey, January 17, 2008, p. 2, 21.
 
Claudia Rosett, The U.N.’s Anti-Semitic Alliance, National Review Online, March 1, 2013.
 
NRC Handelsblad, March 20, 2013, p. 5 (“Turkse staat is vader van alle Turken, ook buiten Turkije”).
 
NRC Handelsblad, March 13, 2013 (Dick Schoof: “Terug in Nederland zijn ze erg gevaarlijk”); Washington Times, March 13, 2013 (“Dutch raise terror alert over radicalized youth, Syria fighting”).
 
Algemeen Dagblad (Rotterdam), March 22, 2013, p. 2 (“Tweede Marokkaanse Nederlander sneuvelt”); De Telegraaf (Amsterdam), March 22, 2013, p. 9 (“Ook tweede dode jihadi uit Delft”); De Volkskrant, March 22, 2013, p. 2 (“Tweede jihadstrijder uit Nederland in Syrië gedood”).
 
De Telegraaf, March 23, 2013, p. 7 (“Jihadisten Delft gelokt met geld”).
 
Gazet van Antwerpen (Antwerp), March 21, 2013, p. 5 (“Als Brian sterft, vervolg ik Belkacem”); De Standaard, March 21, 2013, p. 11 (“Brian De Mulder te zien internetfilmpje”).
 
Het Nieuwsblad (Antwerp), March 21, 2013, p. 4 (“Blij dat Brian leeft, maar wapen maakt me doodsbang”). Quote from Brian’s mother Rosana.
 
Algemeen Dagblad, March 20, 2013, p. 5 (“Kijk, daar vecht onze Brian mee bij Aleppo”).
 
De Telegraaf, March 12, 2013, p. 3 (“Achttal speelt de vermoorde onschuld”). Richard Nieuwenhuizen kicked to death.
 
De Telegraaf, March 20, 2013, p. 5 (“Turkse voetbalclub ZTS verbijsterd over schorsing KNVB”). “De spelers van Zaanstad Türk Spor zijn berucht bij hun tegenstanders.”  See also: De Volkskrant, March 20, 2013, p. 12, 13 (“Scheids heeft bij Türk Spor niet altijd gelijk”). “We hadden nooit zin om tegen ze te spelen, je kon maar het beste verliezen.”
 
EenVandaag (Dutch TV, Channel One), March 19, 2013. Muslim soccer players and Muslim honor culture.
 
NRC Handelsblad, March 4, 2013, p. 4 (“Marokkaanse jongeren grootste groep in Amsterdamse Top-600”). On Moroccan juvenile crime.
 
Wilbert van Rijen, Brief van de dag, De Volkskrant, March 20, 2013, p. 29.
 
Algemeen Dagblad, March 22, 2013, p. 5 (“Weer slaan overvallers hun slag bij Brink’s”). “De Amsterdamse recherche stelt dat Marokkanen uit Amsterdam de overval in (Amsterdam) Zuid-Oost hebben gepland en dat Brusselse Marokkanen deze hebben uitgevoerd.” See also: De Telegraaf, March 22, 2013, p. 7 (“Roof tot in perfectie uitgevoerd.”)
 
EenVandaag (Dutch TV), March 21, 2013. Inez Weski.
 
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Obama's Trip to Israel - The Democrat Party Continues its Assault on the Jewish State's Sovereignty
 
March 18, 2013 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - The president is in Israel today.

The question is why?

Symbolism is of course always a factor in Obama's political moves, but it is by no means the primary reason for his trip, though it's not hard to imagine a number of reasons why he wouldn't want to be stateside given the mess his administration has made of the budget process, among numerous other failures.

Any reasonably acute observer knows  the considerable animus much of the Israeli electorate is increasingly showing toward this CIC. The explanation is easy to understand of course, Mr. Obama is an enemy of Zionism, seems to have a particular dislike for religious Jews in general and Bibi Netanyahu in particular and has proven through his actions that he is eager to support every corrupt jihadist dictatorship on the planet.
Meddling in Israel's political affairs is nothing new to the modern Democrat party.

President Clinton and his practitioners of "the politics of personal destruction" [in this instance, Greenberg, Carville & the thoroughly detestable Bob "Scum" Shrum] were set loose on the Israeli electorate, eventually [but temporarily] ousting Netanyahu in favor of a stooge candidate, Ehud Barak of the now moribund Kadima party, a creation of the late Ariel Sharon.
"...Clinton’s hostility towards Netanyahu is not new. In 1999, Clinton successfully ousted Netanyahu from office by dispatching James Carville, Stanley Greenberg, Robert Shrum and current J-Street operative Jim Gerstein to Israel with the mission spearheading an American-funded election campaign for then-Labor leader Ehud Barak, an eager accomplice to Washington’s regional agenda..." [source, Sagit Levi, Bill Clinton blames Netanyahu for Thwarting U.S. Agenda, Indy News Israel]

So what does Mr. Obama seek to accomplish in Israel?

He certainly is not making political points with Israeli voters nor is he being welcomed by the Pale riffraff, "“We won’t receive Obama with flowers and a red carpet..We will receive him with shoes. We want to tell America that we hate you and you have no place here. We don’t want to see Obama in Palestine..." [source, Khaled Abu Toameh, Bethlehem rioters set fire to pictures of Obama, J. Post]

Perhaps, with his inflated sense of self-importance and despite his ongoing display of ineptitude, Obama thought he could do the equivalent of walking on water, to a Klezmer beat while in Israel?

If so his "soft-shoe" dog and pony show is running into as they say in diplomatic circles a certain amount of resistance.
 
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Congressional Testimony: James Clapper on Arab Spring, "Islamist Actors ...Chief Beneficiaries."
 
March 11, 2013 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - In a rather extraordinary statement, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper in testimony delivered today before the Senate Intelligence Committee, claimed that the Arab Spring has increased the threat posed to U.S. interests by world-wide Islamism by strengthening its political hand.

Some pull-quotes from his briefing, full document available here, 2013 World Threat Assessment
"...Terrorist threats are in a transition period as the global jihadist movement becomes increasingly decentralized. In addition, the Arab Spring has generated a spike in threats to US interests in the region that likely will endure until political upheaval stabilizes and security forces regain their capabilities. We also face uncertainty about potential threats from Iran and Lebanese Hizballah, which see the United States and Israel as their principal enemies..." pg. 4
 
"... Although some countries have made progress towards democratic rule, most are experiencing uncertainty, violence, and political backsliding. The toppling of leaders and weakening of regimes have also unleashed destabilizing ethnic and sectarian rivalries. Islamist actors have been the chief electoral beneficiaries of the political openings, and Islamist parties in Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco will likely solidify their influence in the coming year. The success of transitioning states will depend, in part, on their ability to integrate these actors into national politics and to integrate—or marginalize—political, military, tribal, and business groups that were part of or benefitted from the old regimes. At the same time, transitions that fail to address public demands for change are likely to revive unrest and heighten the appeal of authoritarian or extremist solutions..." pg. 18
 
"Mali - In January 2012, after the return of heavily armed Tuareg fighters from Libya, the secular-based National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (MNLA) and the extremist Islamist Tuareg rebel group Ansar al-Din launched a rebellion against the Malian Government. Following a 21 March military coup, Ansar al-Din—with help from AQIM—and the MNLA quickly drove the Malian military out of the north. After taking control of northern Mali, AQIM worked closely with Ansar al-Din and AQIM-offshoot Movement for Tawhid and Jihad in West Africa (TWJWA) to consolidate gains in the region and impose a hard-line version of sharia..." pg. 24
 
Though from the perspective of many national security professionals, Clapper's treatment [admittedly in a public session] of Islamist ideology was brief, the fact that he devoted at least a portion of the report to this central topic, is worth noting.

Though this is a tepid start, merely hearing Mr. Clapper's use of what have been largely verboten terms - Islamist, Shari'a and jihadist, among others - might be evidence that perhaps the U.S. national security apparatus is being forced to deal with reality.

Though a tepid start by an administration which seems to be intentionally misinterpreting the threat posed by Islamic radicalism, Mr. Clapper's testimony represents a departure by an administration which has steadfastly ignored the linkage between Islamism and terrorism, it is nonetheless welcome, albeit long overdue.


 
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Nigerian Sultan Demands Amnesty for Boko Haram Terrorists

March 7, 2013  - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - Boko Haram [Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati wal-Jihad -  Al-Sunna For Preaching and Jihad] Nigeria's primary violent jihadist entity is obtaining support from an Islamic religious authority, the Sultan of Sokoto who is demanding amnesty for the group.

Sokoto is an Islamist caliphate, located in Northern Nigeria [note, a caliphate is an Islamic governing structure operating under the strictures of the Shari'a, Islamic law].
"The Sultan of Sokoto, Sa’ad Abubakar, on Tuesday appealed to the Federal Government to grant amnesty to all the armed groups operating in Nigeria..." [source, Sultan of Sokoto seeks amnesty for armed groups, Premium Times]

Over the last few years Boko Haram [BH]  has been responsible for thousands of killings in the country, often accompanied by atrocities of unspeakable cruelty. The group has recently increased its campaign of violent intimidation -  kidnapping a group of French nationals, including several children.

The fate of these captives is unknown.

Jihadist revolutionaries are believed to be active in the majority of African countries North of an imaginary line stretching Westward from Somalia and Kenya to Cameroon. in the East.

The countries being sucked into this morass include but are certainly not limited to, Algeria, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Kenya, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia and many others [for further reference please see, Jihad in Africa: The Danger in the Desert, The Economist].

In the main, the Obama administration has ignored this threat and as a result there is little to stop the religious based slaughter since most of the countries involved are desperately poor and politically unstable.

To the great detriment of U.S. national security, the administration has been AWOL in efforts to resist this burgeoning African jihad.  As was the case in Afghanistan, if the various African jihadist movements are allowed to entrench themselves further, the West might eventually be forced into a multi-front regional war across a huge expanse of territory that is as hostile as it is daunting.

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