Deconstructing Imam Ibrahim Dremali

By WILLIAM MAYER and BEILA RABINOWITZ

Prologue

May, 1, 2005 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - It is with a rising sense of alarm that we observe the domino effect currently taking place in America with regard to radical Islam. On many fronts - in the media, Fox Broadcasting and National Review and in high tech manufacturing, Dell Computer - we are witnessing a caving process taking place that is granting undeserved legitimacy, and with it increased power, to Islamist organizations which are inimical to secular Western institutions.

Groups like CAIR1 and other Saudi funded Wahabi terror friendly pressure groups are following a pattern established over a thousand years ago, one which is quite familiar to scholars of Muslim history.

In the West many people are familiar, in a general sense, with Mohammed, the founder of Islam. Similarly they are familiar with city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, which is considered Islam's most sacred city. Most however are not conversant with the manner in which Islam, with Mohammed as its military leader, conquered the city in the first place.

Why is this story important?

It is relevant in helping to understand a facet of Islam which helps place its current feigning of moderation in perspective.

A brief primer.

In the early 600s Mohammed resided in the city of Mecca. Though his power was on the rise, it was not yet sufficient to defy the Quraysh tribe which controlled the city. Biding his time, he fled the city in 622, taking refuge in Medina. By 628 Mohammed realized that his strength had increased to the point where the Quraysh might be challenged, but instead he opted for a tactic which would become from that time on, associated with Muslim military strategy. He declared a truce with the Quraysh and a treaty was signed - the Treaty of Hudaybiya - in the town of the same name, but it was a one-sided truce.

Over the next two years Mohammed built alliances and added tremendously to his fighting forces and in 630 succeeded in conquering the city of Mecca, the Quraysh being so awed by Mohammed's formidable army that they surrendered without a struggle.

Since that time the concepts associated with the Quraysh and Hudaybiya treaty, have become inextricably incorporated into Muslim thought and practice. For example in 1994 after having successfully cowed the Israelis with talk of a bloody jihad into a series of concessions, Yassir Arafat defended his actions to even more radical hardliners as follows:

"[we] see this agreement as being no more than the agreement signed between our Prophet Muhammad and the Quraysh in Mecca."

For more on this subject see, Lessons from the Prophet Muhammad's Diplomacy - Daniel Pipes - Middle East Quarterly, September 1999

Fortunately Arafat is no longer with us, but the method that he referred to lives on, now funded by Saudi money and embodied in the Wahabbist sympathies of most of the so-called mainstream American Muslim organizations such as CAIR.1

At its most extreme we see the lessons of Hudaybiya and the Quraysh embodied in the Takfir Wal Hijra group.

Takfir ideology is such that its members may ignore normal Islamic proscriptions. They may lead riotous lives, attending lap-dance clubs, having indiscriminate sex, eating prohibited foods such as pork and drinking to excess in order to better blend into the Kufir [infidel] society, from whence at an appointed time they spring into murderous action.

"[They appear to be] regular, fun-loving guys, but they'd slit your throat or bomb your building in a second..." - Time Magazine

This was the very MO of the 9/11 plotters; ignoring it will certainly not make it go away.

Foreword

Imam Ibrahim Dremali has led a busy life since he came to the United States after fleeing Egypt as a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, apparently to spread the message of jihad in America under the guise of seeking religious freedom.

In February he suddenly left his position as Imam of the 7-acre Boca Raton Islamic Center to take over the tiny and reportedly cash strapped Islamic Center of Des Moines, Iowa.

In recent newspaper coverage Dremali casts himself as a hapless 'refugee' who was hounded out of Boca Raton, because he was a Muslim, feigning tears of relief at finding peace and quiet in Iowa.

Born in Gaza when it was still controlled by Egypt [Gaza, the Sinai Peninsula, the Eastern sector of Jerusalem and the Golan heights were all liberated by Israel during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war]. Dremali later moved to Egypt where he was educated in Islamic religious theology and geology at Al Azhar University.

While there Dremali started his religious training. Dr. Ibrahim Dremali -Sheikh Ibrahim - has a degree in Shariah from Al-Azhar University and a PhD in Geology. Al Azhar University was also the alma mater of Bin Laden's mentor Abdullah Azzam as well as being a center of Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Jihad activities which included the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.

Dremali fled to the US where he continued his education in geology. In 1998 Dremali co-founded the Islamic Center of Boca Raton, together with FAU professors Bassem Al Halabi and Khalid Hamza, and becoming its Imam.

It didn't take Dremali long to become a political activist in the United States. He participated in a series of pro-Palestinian demonstrations that were held across from the Israeli Embassy in Miami in 2000. At these events vitriolic speeches were made while Israeli flags were burned.

In October at one of these events - as demonstrators shouted "Haya al Jihad" [Long live Jihad] and "With jihad we'll claim our land, Zionist blood will wet the sand" - Dremali shouted to the crowd:

"...[don't] be sad for those who were martyred and to not be afraid to die for what they believe in."

So Dremali brings along considerable baggage as we attempt to understand one of the seminal events in his life; an "anti-Muslim attack" which allegedly occurred in 2001 and which is being bandied about by Dremali now in his new digs in America's heartland.

Two Weeks Post 9-11

Ibrahim Dremali has claimed for over three years now, that he was the victim of an aggravated assault which took place just a few weeks after the 9-11 terrorist attacks.

Dremali claims that at about 9:50 PM on the night of Wednesday, September 25, he left the Islamic Center of Boca Raton - where he served as Imam. He says that he was followed home by a white Ford F -150 type truck that flashed its lights at him once along the way. As Dremali pulled into his driveway and collected his briefcase and cell phone, the driver of the truck parked it in a lane of traffic immediately behind Dremali's vehicle.

Two white males, the driver carrying a shotgun, the passenger a handgun, exited the vehicle and confronted Dremali in the driveway of his home. There the shotgun-wielding driver warned Dremali not to appear at an interfaith religious meeting scheduled to take place on the following afternoon or he was "dead meat." The two assailants then got back into the truck, the subject with the shotgun got into the passenger's side and the subject with the handgun into the driver's side, and they drove off.

There were no eyewitnesses aside from Dremali.

Dremali's tale has been used to gin up sympathy and cast him as an aggrieved party who has been subjected to Christian intolerance. More specifically, this incident has been used by Mr. Dremali to explain his hasty departure from South Florida, to supposedly more hospitable climes in Iowa.

Sources close to the case - which is now inactive - have provided PipeLineNews with evidence that casts grave doubts as to whether the alleged attack ever took place.

The story is suspicious from many angles, but possibly the most obvious is that the entire account of the incident reads like a bad script for a "B" grade movie. The story conforms to what might be the worst preconceptions about Christian America by Muslims.

Not only that but Dremali continues to embellish the story

In an article entitled Imam, His Family Find Refuge in Des Moines which appeared in the Des Moines Register April 18, 2005 edition, Dremali stated that:

"...someone jammed a double-barrel shotgun into his chest. A second man was waving a pistol so he would be sure to see it."

However in the police report Dremali - "said that the driver of the truck had the shotgun, the gun had a single barrel." He said that the passenger was holding the pistol, not brandishing it or waving it so that is was more evident.

The Register article continues:

"After the men left, the police were called. "I showed them the bruises on my chest," Dremali said. "I canceled the lecture." Dremali, the dynamic leader of a growing mosque in Boca Raton, was given police protection."

The police report states that - "a round red mark on his upper left pectoral where Dremali claimed the shotgun was placed." The physical evidence consisted of a single small red mark, no "bruises" as Dremali stated. This is certainly not the type of injury one would expect from having the sharp steel 28 or 30 inch long muzzle of a shotgun rammed into one's chest by a powerful, 6 foot tall 200 pound male in a bad mood.

Dremali's reference in the Des Moines Register article, of canceling the speaking engagement makes it appear that he did so to avoid the threatened physical injury by his assailants, but the police report states:

"...no one knew that he had changed his plans and had cancelled his engagement. He said that he was not going to speak at that church. Dremali said that there had been some controversy regarding some of the things that have appeared at the Center's website. He said he is not responsible for the content of the website."

Yes there was "controversy" regarding Dremali's website because it contained an openly anti-Semitic essay that referred to Jews as being "known for their treachery and corruption" and quoted from a Muslim text that read, "O Muslim! There is Jew behind me, kill him!"

Not surprisingly, the hate-speech had become the focus of media scrutiny.

Dan McBride, spokesman for the Boca Raton mosque, said the essay, titled, "Why can't the Jews and Muslims live together in peace?" generated three e-mail complaints, so they took it down.

He went on to say, "as fellow Americans, we're all a little sensitive right now and we don't want to increase any tensions, so we're trying to be a little politically correct right now."

Which is not to say McBride, or Dremali for that matter disagreed with anything in the essay.

In furtherance of Dremali's ruse of victimization, he claimed that he was under police protection, but there was no provision of police protection, nor was any really indicated because aside from two pieces of questionable mail, nothing additional happened.

On the day of the event an officer was dispatched to the church:

- "0315 Hrs., I responded to the area of the Ascension Lutheran Church located at 2929 Seacrest Blvd, Boynton Beach. While there the Multi Congregational Church meeting took place without incident. A Muslim leader from Fr. Lauderdale spoke at the meeting without incident."

It seems that whoever was trying to "intimidate" Dremali from speaking at the event had absolutely no problem with another Muslim speaking at the convocation.

Dremali stated that the Mosque had received two pieces of hate type mail. One - a letter written on the margins of a newspaper article dated October 5, 2001 stated:

"As long as there are Muslims there will be terrorism as the barbarians practice their barbaric religion as taught in the used toilet paper Koran. Islam is a barbaric religion!!! Go back to camel dung land, Muslim countries."

It's hard to believe that the above passage was authored by a native-born English speaker. Representing it as a statement of hate is ludicrous. Using the word "barbaric" three times in a mere 17 word rage-filled excoriation strains credulity to the point of breaking.

Americans don't talk that way.

And "camel dung land?"

Possibly "your shitty country," but "dung" and "land" really seem more like the type of usage one might expect from a non-native English speaker.

Possibly someone from the Middle East?

The type of cardboard figures Dremali has described as his attackers are stereotypes. They are the worst of the kind that one might imagine, taking the law into their own hands - red-neck bigots responding to the events of only a few weeks previous, 9-11.

These are not the words of some Southern-type "crackers." The term "camel dung land" and "barbaric" are alien to that type of speech pattern, when more colorful colloquialisms might be more in character.

The other, earlier, piece of "hate" mail that arrived at the Mosque was an envelope which included a letter and an article written by Hal Lindsey entitled "The Rapture." The letter read - "I will bless those who bless Israel and I will curse those who curse Israel."

The quotation is derived from the first book of the Old Testament, Genesis, in which God was speaking to Abram, soon to become Abraham.

We say the quote was derived because the actual [extended] Biblical passage is - "I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." (Genesis 12: 3).

Since the Israelites are commonly understood to be the children of Abraham the passage is often used - substituting the word "Israel" in the appropriate places - by evangelicals to show the degree to which God supports the nation of Israeli - and hence, Zionism.

Hal Lindsey is a Christian Zionist. He is also widely regarded as a person well versed in Biblical prophecy especially with regards to the final book of the New Testament, Revelation.

Lindsey is renown for using such passages to argue in support of Israel.

While it is not common knowledge among many Christians, it is a common theme in Islam that they also consider themselves children of Abraham, so many of them might be familiar with this passage.

Using this type of Biblical passage and a noted, fervently pro-Israel evangelical writer, injects the issue of Zionism into this equation in a big and rather insidious way. Ultimately it's transparent, building on an important element of Islamist bigotry to eventually yield a not so cleverly assembled straw man.

So what can we glean from all of this, the alleged assault followed in close order by threatening "hate" mail?

It seems to be a not-so-subtle ruse, concocted by Dremali to take attention away from the hate-speech on his Mosque's website language which made it necessary for him to cancel his address at the 9/27 multi-congregational event not because as he claimed he was threatened and fearing for his life, but because he is an Islamist and a bigot and was asked not to attend.

Taken as a whole the "assault" makes no sense - Dremali leaves the Mosque, someone follows him apparently, blinking their lights and yet he ignores them. They follow him to his home, inexplicably drawing attention to a criminal action underway, parking in the middle of traffic right behind Dremali's vehicle, but he still doesn't see them.

The driver of this truck is carrying a single barrel shotgun [Dremali later claiming it was a double barrel shotgun] but he states that he never even saw the car so how could he possibly know who the driver was?

The subject with the shotgun accosts Dremali roughly pushing the shotgun into his left pectoral chest area, yet only a small red mark is left.

Further muddying the account, Dremali claims to have at some time attained a 3rd degree black belt in a martial arts discipline. Those familiar with self-defense know that if someone physically touches you with a rifle or a shotgun - instead of just aiming it at you from a reasonable distance - they are making a huge mistake since disarming techniques and counter-moves are then more easily employed.

On the other hand most "bad guys" instinctively know that the whole reason why guns, especially long guns like rifles and shotguns, are so effective is that they project power from a position where the user can't be harmed, i.e., you stand a certain distance away from someone you want to intimidate so they can't harm you. You certainly don't give up your advantage by actually poking someone with the barrel of the gun when it might possibly and rapidly be brushed aside and then taken away, with movements that require little strength and little training - let alone the skills that someone with a 3rd degree black-belt presumably might have.

The only possible reason that the use of shotgun in this manner was essential to include in Dremali's fable was because he thought it was necessary to leave at least one piece of physical evidence, because without that little "red mark" there is no physical evidence except for the equally absurd hate mail.

The "attack" is a stereotypical concoction featuring just about every anti-Christian cliché imaginable - a white, gas guzzling Ford truck adorned with American flags containing a shotgun wielding Caucasian with close cropped hair wearing a white shirt and blue jeans. His Caucasian buddy is a similarly concocted yahoo armed with a pistol.

The lead attacker, the "driver" with the shotgun, spouting the idiomatic line "you're dead meat" sounds oddly restrained when isn't it more likely to include much profanity? Wouldn't something on the order of "Look you little raghead &%$#hole, if you show up at church tomorrow we'll blow your &$#%ing brains out," be more apropos?

Now THAT is a red-blooded-white-trash-American-with-a-shotgun, type threat.

Yeehaw!

When you factor in the "Zionist" content of the "hate" mail the assemblage becomes parody, a completely pre-planned but ham-fisted attempt to direct the community's attention away from Dremali himself.

In the days after the incident - which none of Dremali's neighbors witnessed - the surrounding area was abuzz with the assertion that the whole thing was invented.

We agree, this entire affair is nothing so much as a totally self-serving bad cartoon.

Hudaybiya In Iowa

Dremali's actions in this matter must be understood in a larger context, as part of a pattern which he has used over the years in an attempt to turn criticism and outrage against him to his advantage and one which he is currently employing to explain to gullible journalists to explain why he fled Boca Raton.

About Dremali's above referenced pro-jihad Miami speech "[don't] be sad for those who were martyred or to be afraid to die for what they believed in"] he told the Des Moines Plains that "they put words in my mouth".

The "they" Dremali refers to is Lamyaa Hashim - aka Um Ahmad - alleged to be none other than Dremali's co wife [Islam permits multiple wives, in obvious conflict with American law].

Dremali has been linked with Hashim for over a decade. Hashim was a congregant at the Islamic Center of Boca Raton and was - more importantly - the president of The Health Resource Center Palestine.

The HRCP was closed down after it was exposed as a terrorist funding front, HRCP included Dremali and his brother Ishaq among its administrators.

Even more damning is the fact that the spokesman of his own Mosque - Hassan Shareef - stated to the Boca Raton News that:

"...He [Dremali] had made those comments in the heat of the moment..." Shareef statement

For further clarification regarding this incident see Militant Islam Monitor: New Jihadi on the block: Ibrahim Dremali leaves Boca Raton to become Imam of the Islamic Center of Des Moines.

In the same Boca News article Dremali lied when asked about his connection to Adham Hassoun, at whose immigration violation trial he had already testified as a witness for the defense.

When asked about his relationship with Hassoun Dremali, stated "I don't know the guy."

Dremali's statement was refuted by Hassoun's own attorney, Akhter Hussain who said that, "Dremali has known [Hassoun] for more then a couple of years...I know that."

Adham Amin Hassoun, who ran the Benevolence International Foundation, an Al Qaeda fundraising operation in South Florida, is now the defendant in a March 7, 2004 10 count indictment.

Hassoun is being charged with, "trying to obstruct a federal investigation and hiding his role in recruiting fighters and raising money to support a global holy war."

The government is alleging that Adham Hassoun had been hand-picked by Bin Laden emissary Arnaam Ernaout to run BIF.

Another example of Dremali's mendacity can be found in the way he played upon the obvious preconceptions of Ms. Ragsdale, the author of the Des Moines Register article which painted a sympathetic treatment of his story - Imam, His Family Find Refuge in Des Moines.

In that piece he denies allegations that his links to terrorists have followed him from Florida stating, "...he and his wife began talking about leaving South Florida."

This supposedly occurred after a 3-hour questioning at the Miami airport when he returned with his son from a visit to Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

"...Three hours was like 300 years in my life," Dremali says. "The way that guy looked at me and my son, it's like we were terrorists." When he asked what he was being charged with, Dremali says, he was told to "sit down, or you'll go to jail."

True to form, in other accounts of the interrogation - easily available to skeptical journalists via an internet search - Dremali claims when he finally got home, he and his wife decided it was time to leave the country, not just Florida. All that was stopping them was that they just didn't know where to go.

To a St. Petersburg Times reporter, Dremali further played upon the persecuted Muslim angle:

"Our Constitution says justice for all," Dremali says. "I'm going to send a letter telling Bush that he should add 'except Muslims.'" Dremali letter

Dremali thus has a long history of dramatizing such events to journalists, portraying himself as the victim.

There might have been a very good reason why Dremali, if he really had considered leaving the country, might refrain because he had "nowhere to go."

Perhaps that might be the result of the not-so-small matter of his previous association with the Muslim Brotherhood, and Egyptian Islamic Jihad. When one ads in his - along with his brother's - involvement in an "Islamic charity" which was shut down by law enforcement for funneling money to terrorists in his hometown of Gaza, there might have been more than ample reason for him to question ever returning to his native Middle East.

The irony of Dremali's seeking sanctuary in the US due to his involvement with groups trying to overthrow the Egyptian government, degenerates into an obscene travesty when Dremali complains about being victimized by US government officials who questioned him when he returned from what was a suspicious "business trip"to the Middle East.

Contrast his indignation - holding the US government responsible for investigating the terrorist ties of the Al-Qaeda funding front, Benevolence International Foundation, an Al Qaeda funding front & run by Dremali's long time friend, Adham Hassoun - against his belligerent defense of his former Islamic Center of Boca Raton's $17,000 contribution to that very group, making the unbelievable statement that it was none of his business that the money might have been going to Al-Qaeda, that was the purview of the Federal government.

"When people come to your mosque for money, you cannot say, 'No,'" explained Dremali, referring to the importance the Muslim faith places on the worshipers to help those in need. "It's not our job to investigate [charities]. That's the job of the government." Dremali blasts US government.

The Dremali family seems to have an affinity for aggravated assault, since Mr. Dremali's 13 year old son was charged in a stabbing incident involving a schoolmate - Joshua Reynoso - in the Boca Middle School.

Apparently basing its assessment on what Dremali told them, The Des Moines Register sanitized the event as follows:

"...In 2003, after being taunted and spit on by a schoolmate, his oldest son was in a locker-room fight, involving scissors, with another boy..."

The article stated that Dremali's son pleaded guilty to aggravated assault, but noted that the plea was not an admission of guilt.

The lack of admission of guilt [technically "guilty in his best interest"] is similar to a no-contest plea - a distinction without a difference.

The police report stated:

"Reynoso told police that Dremali spit on him and, after the two briefly argued, Dremali stabbed him in the back, neck and arm with scissors, leaving puncture wounds, according to a police report.

In light of the fact that Dremali's son was ordered to pay $1500 in damages, do 50 hours of community service as well as receive a psychological evaluation, it's pretty clear who was guilty and who did the stabbing.

Dremali's son was transferred to an Islamic School in Broward - it will probably not strain the credulity of our readers to point out that the school has been personally endorsed by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Ikrima Sabri, in 2003, and that Sabri is notorious for having praised child suicide bombers.

As we draw this down, one thing is obvious; trouble follows the Dremali family and all of it appears to be of their own making. The sheer audacity of Dremali's verbal -sleight-of-hand in which he and his family become victims instead of perpetrators is brazen.

While Dremali whined to the press that "Our goal here is to raise our kids in a safe environment, it's the No. 1 reason we came here," it was really the consequences of his family's actions that made life difficult in Boca Raton.

According to our sources, Dremali's children are now in public school, which raises the question as how safe those environments will remain.

We believe that Ibrahim Dremali has proven by his actions and statements to be someone who is unfamiliar with the concept of truth.

On numerous occasions he has contradicted himself in various public forums and concocted flawed denials of numerous associations with Islamist groups and individuals both domestic and foreign.

His outlandish, totally unsubstantiated, story of a 2001 "anti-Muslim assault" when seen in this context is laughable. We feel that it is a complete fabrication.

One final point need be made.

It revolves around the concept of complicity.

Dremali has obviously brought his campaign of fabrication and deception along with him to Des Moines, however this would not be possible if people like the religion writer for the The Des Moines Plains Register, Shirley Ragsdale, was in the least bit skeptical of Dremali's Swiss-cheese explanations.

Generally skepticism is a hallowed journalistic attribute, but in matters such as this another, even more powerful tradition takes over - the politically correct, liberal invocation not to speak ill of the disciples of Islam.

This subject is far beyond the scope of this piece, we have extensively written about it in our series on multiculturalism and diversity however.

Tarred in this same sentiment is the head of Des Moines local Reform Temple, David Kaufman.

Kaufman gushed, nonsensically that "...Dremali knows his stuff on Islam," at the same time dismissing Dremalis' presence at a Miami jihad rally, where radical Muslims shouted "With Jihad we'll redeem the land - with Zionist blood we'll wet the sand."

Des Moines Plains' reporter, Ms. Ragsdale - who called the Council on American Islamic Relations [CAIR] for comments - uncritically accepts the group's own self-characterization as being a group that simply monitor's "anti-Muslim" activity in America. She is either unaware or unconcerned about the fact that the group is underwritten by the Wahhabi sect in Saudi Arabia - a country which just this week arrested 40 Christians, accusing them of spreading the "poison" of Christianity Saudis Arrest 40 Christians For "Spreading The Poison" Of Christianity. Furthermore, Ragsdale ignores the fact that CAIR is anti-American, advocating the imposition of an Islamic theocracy in place of the United States' secular constitutional government and that the group is currently a defendant in a 9-11 terrorism case.

Ragsdale, Rabbi Kaufman and other people acting as agents of the public trust thus do a terrible disservice to their fellow citizens when they allow liars with possibly evil intent like Dremali to not only go unchallenged but to essentially vouch for their character, thus granting them increased stature, not increased scrutiny.

And unrelenting scrutiny is all that people of Dremali's ilk deserve.

Footnotes:

1. CAIR's terrorist connections: Ghassan Elashi, founding board member of CAIR's Texas chapter and businessman convicted of terrorism-related charges on April 14, 2005. According to AP "Ghassan and Bayan Elashi and their company were found guilty of all 21 federal counts they faced: conspiracy, money laundering and dealing in property of a terrorist...The brothers, all born in the Middle East, were convicted the same day jurors began deliberating, after nearly two weeks of testimony, and are to be sentenced Aug. 1. Prosecutors said each count carries a maximum 10-year prison sentence."

Of course AP failed to mention Ghassan's leadership role in CAIR.

Bassem Khafagi former director of Community Relation for CAIR, plead guilty to bank and visa and has been deported to Egypt. According to Fox News, "The FBI said Khafagi is a founding member of the Islamic Assembly of North America, a charity that purports to promote Islam...Federal investigators said Islamic Assembly has funneled money to activities supporting terrorism and has published material advocating suicide attacks on the United States."

Randall Todd "Ismail" Royer, a former communications & civil rights specialist for CAIR, according to AP "Royer...admitted helping members of the conspiracy join the militant Pakistani group Lashkar-e-Taiba in the days after the Sept. 11 attacks.He pleaded guilty to aiding and abetting use of a firearm in a crime of violence and aiding and abetting the carrying of an explosive during commission of a felony. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison."

Siraj Wahhaj CAIR advisory board member named as an "unindicted co-conspirator" in the "Blind Sheik" Omar Abdel Rahman bomb plots by US Prosecutor Mary Jo White; Rahman is serving a life sentence.

© 1999-2017 William Mayer, Beila Rabinowitz, PipeLineNews.org LLC. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law.