By CAMILLE GIGLIO
January 25, 2011 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - What is an Executive Order? It is a President's or Governor's written declaration which has the force of law, usually based on existing statutory powers, and requiring no action by the Congress or state legislature. An Executive Order becomes law simply by publishing it in the Federal Registry.
This process totally bypasses Congressional Legislative authority (the citizen's voice) and more and more is placing in the hands of the President almost unilateral power.
The right of a president to issue Executive Orders, carrying the weight of law and establishing certain regulations, has been around since George Washington's time. His first Order by President Washington, in 1792, established a mint for the purpose of regulating coinage in the United States, establishing the value of each denomination.
For the first 100 years of our constitutional government, 1792 and 1892, 45 Executive orders were issued. The last six presidents have issued anywhere between 2 to 5 a month each with Bill Clinton amassing a whopping 415 E.O.'s during his eight years in office followed by George W. Bush running a distant second with 291.
So far, in our current president's two years in office he has signed 40 E.O.'s, averaging 2 a month with the last one, Executive Order 13562, being signed on December 27, 2010. You might have missed it during the Christmas holidays and, of course, the media provided only limited coverage.
Not only has the number expanded but the breadth and scope of power being assumed to the Office of the President through these orders, has expanded to an alarming degree giving credence to those who, during the early years of our Government, feared the potential for creation of a near monarchical presidency.
When George W. Bush was president, the hue and cry of the progressives was that Bush was creating an imperial presidency. They were referring, in critical tones to his use of Executive Orders.
Today these same oracles are referring to Obama's Presidency as one of a unitary nature. Call it imperial or unitary it all means the same thing.
Through the use of Executive Orders a great deal of power has been delegated to the presidency aided and abetted by the acquiescence/silence of congress and the courts, the end result of which is to override our Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
Several Government watchdog agencies have written reports about the potential for abuse of Executive Orders, some even calling EO's a "Recipe for Tyranny" (James Hirsen, Executive Orders - Edicts From a Presidential Throne: Part 2).
Mr. Hirsen's contention is that Executive Orders are being used to "Illegitimately further the international agenda expressed in UN Treaties."
On June 29, 1993, President Bill Clinton signed EO 12852 establishing the President's Council on Sustainable Development. It incorporated a previous EO, 12737, establishing a Commission on Environmental Quality, signed by George H. W. Bush onDecember 12, 1990.
Section 2 (a) of Clinton's Sustainable Development Order set the functions of this Council and defined the term "sustainable growth, which was "broadly defined as economic growth that will benefit present and future generations without detrimentally affecting the resources or biological systems of the planet."
In other words, when it comes right down to it, red legged frogs have equal or better rights to the land than farmers or other property owners. This concept finds its origins in the United Nations Agenda 21 goals and objectives.
Executive Orders bind the executive branch and its cabinet offices to do the bidding of the president and report their progress to the president, but they are not acting in a vacuum. The executive branch of our government has joined with certain private sector non-profits which act in as a sort of research and development branch of government, advising and counseling the president on redesigning the way in which government performs.
The web site for the Alliance for Redesigning Government, a creation of the National Academy of Public Administration - NAPA, itself established in 1967 by congressional charter, states that it was founded as a non-profit "to create an information and learning network for the thousands of change agents - people in or close to government - who are struggling to improve the public sector's performance." http://www.napawash.org.
This Alliance researched the ability of the government to perform and determined that it was not accomplishing what they saw as most needed goals. It lacked a unifying "central nervous system" which they felt that the executive branch of government could become.If the Executive Branch of Government is the central nervous system for re-inventing our government, then public/private partnerships created through congressional charter or Executive Orders serve as the silent non-elected, inaccessible control mechanism behind, often overriding the authority of elected officials and the rights of the citizenry.
Part two will provide analysis of specific Executive Orders.
© 2011 Camille Giglio. All rights reserved.