Turkey on the Brink

Country plagued with resurgent Islamism, Mafia-style organized crime, import-brides, arranged marriages, inbreeding, polygamy, prostitution and honor-killings

By EMERSON VERMAAT

March 29, 2010 - San Francisco, CA - PipeLineNews.org - The current Turkish government led by prime minister Recep Tayyib Erdogan seeks to expand its influence through Turks living abroad. An important conference was recently held in Istanbul where 15,00 people from Turkish descent from several European countries listened to Erdogan and other speakers. All expenses were paid by the Turkish government. Erdogan repeated his controversial 2008 statement: 'Assimilation is a crime against humanity.' Another speaker went even further saying: 'We need to innoculate European culture with Turkish culture.'

The language in the invitations already suggested the attitude of the Turkish government towards Turkish-German politicians. Ankara perceives them as being its own. Invitations sent in the name of Turkish Labor Minister Farak Celik to German Bundestag members were addressed as 'my esteemed members of parliament' and Erdogan was referred to as 'our prime minister.'

Are we going to return to the times of the Islamic Ottoman Empire which sought to conquer the whole of Europe in the 16th and 17th century but was eventually stopped at the gates of Vienna? It was early November 2008 that Erdogan addressed a large crowd of enthousiastic followers in the German city of Cologne. His message to them could be summarized as follows: 'You may live in Germany, but you are Turks – and I am your prime minister.'

What Erdogan and his friends basically want is to expand Turkish cultural and religious influence through the Turkish immigrant community abroad. 'Turks living abroad should take the citizenship of their new home country – not, however, with the intention of becoming an integrated part of society, but so they can become politically active,' Erdogan was quoted by 'Spiegelonline.'

As Turkish and Moroccan immigrants possess dual citizenship their loyalty can be easily exploited by the Turkish or Moroccan state. Moroccan and Turkish immigrants in Germany, Austria, Holland, Belgium, France or Spain who play an important social or political role have been approached by state officials from their home country with a view to persuading them to take into consideration or even serve the interests of the Turkish or Moroccan state.

Denials by some of them that this not the case, are not very credible. Ahmed Aboutaleb, the Dutch-Moroccan mayor of Rotterdam, or Khadija Arib, a Dutch-Moroccan member of parliament, cannot simply ignore the interests of the Moroccan state. They did not protest when Morocco expelled 17 Dutch Christian aid works after allegations of 'proselytism.' The aid workers were running the orphanage 'Village of Hope' and claim they never forced anyone to become a Christian nor did they ever oppose Islam or the Koran. Being an orphan in Morocco is regarded as 'shameful' in Moroccan (honor) culture. Although Morocco is bound by international law to strictly adhere to the principles of religious freedom – which include the right to change one's religion -, the authorities in Rabat no longer seem to care such lofty principles.

Clandestine activities by Turkey's and Morocco's intelligence services

The Dutch Security and Intelligence Service AIVD reported in 2008 about 'clandestine activities of foreign powers.' The following interesting observation was made about Morocco: 'The Moroccan intelligence service has attempted to build a network of informants in the Netherlands, and to gain access to confidential databases. In pursuit of this aim, in 2008 it made use of Dutch police officers of Moroccan origin.' As a result of the AIVD findings, a number of Moroccan diplomats had to leave the Netherlands in 2008.

A Dutch-Moroccan city council member in Rotterdam told the Amsterdam based newspaper 'De Volkskrant' that 'Dutch-Moroccans with important positions in society are approached by the Moroccan intelligence service.' 'This is often done in a very subtle way,' he says. 'When they are in Morocco, everything is being done to make their stay there as pleasant as possible.'

The Turkish intelligence service displays similar activities. The AIVD reported in 2008: 'The presence of large immigrant communities tends to attract unwelcome activities in two ways: on the one hand the intelligence services of their countries of origin (Morocco, Turkey, Iran, etc. V.) may try to monitor and influence them secretly, whilst on the other hand they may try to recruit migrants to assist in unacceptable activities.'

The Islamists from 'Milli Görüs' and their opposition to 'world zionism' and 'Jewish influence'

The German 'Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz' (BfV), or domestic security service, closely monitors clandestine Turkish state activities on German territory. The fact that Turkey is a member of NATO does not mean that the Germans fully trust their NATO ally. They, the Germans, have noticed that the current Islamist government in Ankara increasingly seeks to expand its sphere of influence by appealing on Turkish immigrants to serve the interests of the Turkish state. No longer are the Turkish rulers interested in respecting the traditional secular nature of the Turkish state and they are now actively promoting the narrow interests of the influential Islamist movement 'Milli Görüs' ('National View').

Milli Görüs was founded in 1969 by the Turkish Islamist politician Necmettin Erbakan who was prime minister of Turkey from 1996 to 1997. Erbakan was also the leader of the 'Refah Partisi' or 'Welfare Party.' Milli Görüs has branches in Germany, Austria, France and the Netherlands. The German branch, the 'Islamische Gemeinschaft Milli Görüs' (IGMG), was founded in Cologne in 1985 and has been monitored closely the domestic security service BfV ever since.

Erbakan's brother Mehmet Erbakan, between 1996 and 2002 first general-secretary and subsequently president of the German branch, did not hesitate to be interviewed by neo-Nazis. In 1997, he told the German neo-Nazi weekly 'Junge Freiheit' that 'Turkish laicity is not compatible with religious freedom.'

Milli Görüs is close to the Muslim Brotherhood and they the share same kind of Islamist ideology. They embrace the concept of Islamic jihad or holy war and the introduction of sharia law, for example. Yet, they call on their followers to reach leading positions in society. 'This is our fundamental mission.' Moderate Islam is unacceptable to them as it opposes the idea that 'the world order is dominated by their faith' (i.e. Islam). Islamic world conquest remains essential. Yet, the quest for world domination does not rule out pursuing national Turkish objectives. Thus, in April 2006, delegates to a Milli Görüs conference in Ankara had to swear an oath that they would promote the interests of a so-called 'Greater Turkey.'

The main enemies of Islam are 'world zionism' and '(American) imperialism,' Milli Görüs claims. 'The media are controlled by the zionists,' Necmettin Erbakan said in the summer of 2006. An echo of Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler who also claimed that the 'Jews' controlled the American and British press ('die jüdische Presse', or 'the Jewish press,' and 'die internationale Weltjuden' or 'international world Jewry), venomenous anti-Semitic myths, of course.

Erbakan is an admirer of the fundamentalist regime in Tehran. He paid a visit to Iran in August 1996, when he was still prime minister of Turkey, as well as in April 2009, three and a half years after the Iranians organized a highly controversial conference attended by neo-Nazi and Iranian Holocaust deniers.

Indeed, it was in August 2006 that Milli Görüs openly joined the ranks of the anti-Semitic Holocaust deniers by referring to 'the lie and legend according to which 6 million Jews have been killed.'

Erbakan's Refah Party had, of course, very close ties to Milli Görüs. The party was banned for violating the principle of secularism in the constitution at the beginning of 1997. Prime minister Erbakan was deposed in a bloodless military coup in the summer of 1997. Four years later, though, a successor party called 'Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi' (AKP) or 'Justice and 'Development Party' was founded by Recep Tayyib Erdogan, a former mayor of Istanbul and Turkey's current prime minister.

There is no doubt at all that there are equally close ties between Edorgan's AKP party and the anti-Semitic Milli Görüs organization.

Nevertheless, Erdogan poses as a moderate Islamist whose party espouses European values. Turkey wants to join the European Union as soon as possible. However, there are serious doubts about Erdogan's sincerity. On at least one occasion did he espouse anti-Semitic conspiracy theories when he claimed: 'There is no difference between the United States and the Soviet Union. The driving force behind these powers are the Jews.' Did not Hitler make similar statements? And as mayor of Istanbul he said in 1998: 'The mosques are our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets our bayonets and the faithful our soldiers.' He was subsequently sentenced to 10 months in jail. It was regarded as a clear violation of the principle of separation of Church (Mosque) and State.

Turkey, the Nazis and the Holocaust

The military and political elite in Turkey as well as the Turkish immigrant community in Nazi-Germany largely sympathized with the Nazis and their party, a recent German study called 'Die Türkei, die Juden und der Holocaust, ('Turkey, the Jews and the Holocaust') revealed. With the then Nazi capital of Berlin being home to the largest Turkish community in Europe, many Turks there even gave the typical Nazi salute. Many Turkish students and businessmen in Germany equally espoused the Nazi cause. In 1938 – the year of the infamous 'Night of the Broken Glass' or 'Kristallnacht' – the Turkish Chamber of Commerce (Handelskammer) in Berlin issued a publication comparing Hitler to Atatürk: 'Two great men, two heroes who played a comparable role in the history of two peoples.'

Turkey was an ally of Germany during the First World War and joined the Central Powers (Germany, Austria/Hungary) in November 1914. Britain and France then declared war on her. A lot of Turkish officers were trained by the Germans, thus creating a strong bond between the Turkish and German military elites.

Turkey was officially neutral during the Second World War, but the ruling elite remained largely pro-German. However, the Turks began to distance themselves more and more from Nazi-Germany by 1943/44, when it became clear to them that the Nazis were losing the war. The Turks tried to rescue as many Turkish Jews in France as possible. In Berlin, Adolf Eichmann, who was in charge of organizing the Holocaust, was furious, but there was little he could do. Nebil Ertok, the Turkish consul in Milan, Northern Italy, also saved a number of Jews.

Turkish criminal networks in Istanbul, Germany and Britain

Innoculate European culture with Turkish culture? What about religious headscarves, this oppressive symbol of the subordination of women to men in most Muslim societies, including Turkey? What about mafia-style organized crime which is almost an integral part of Turkish culture and society? What about often illiterate import-brides, arranged niece-nephew marriages, inbreeding, polygamy, prostitution and honor killings – to mention just a few other rather common aspects of Turkish society? This is not something that we in Europe really want at the moment, and certainly not more of the same.

Let me first focus on the huge problem of Turkish crime. Just like the Italian mafia there exists a powerful Turkish mafia specialized in drugs, prostitution, migrant trafficking and extortion. It was back in 1998 that Frank Bovenkerk en Yücel Yesilgöz, two leading Dutch criminologists, published their thorough study 'De mafia van Turkije' ('The Turkish mafia'). Their book was reprinted recently and is not yet outdated. A recent TV documentary showed that Istanbul – Erdogans's city – serves as the headquarters of the Turkish heroin trade. Police are corrupt and only 10 percent of the drug crime cases are being solved. Most of the heroin comes from Afghanistan where local warlords and Islamist Taliban control the entire drug trade. With the help of Turkish immigrant families, Turkish criminal networks quickly extended their activities into Europe. In Britain, for example, Turkish criminal gangs and families control the drug market and are feared by everyone. British police even consider them to be 'a significant security threat.'

In Germany, the annual criminal police report on crime shows that Turks and sub-Saharan Africans from Nigeria and Sierra Leone play a very important role in immigrant crime. In 2008, the total number of non-German suspects was 471,067, with 106,396 of them being of Turkish origin, 22.6 percent, that is. (The percentage has risen ever since 2001.) With regard to narco-trafficking (drugs), the Turks are again overrepresented in crime statistics: 22 to 26.6 percent. Suspects from Turkey, Sierra Leone and Nigeria are overrepresented in crime statistics on cocaine trade: Turks 21.9 percent, immigrants from Sierra Leone 3.6 percent and Nigerians 3 percent. As regards 'sex-related crimes' (rape, etc.), Turks were equally overrepresented, epecially in the case of rape and similar crimes: 34.9 percent (more than one-third!). People with an Iraqi background were also overrepresented: 3.7 percent.

In several German cities there are violent and highly dangerous Arab and Turkish youth gangs who rob old German ladies, rape German girls, beat women and are involved in drugs and prostitution. They managed to take over whole streets in some areas of Berlin. Most native Germans have now left these dangerous parts of the city. Güner Yasemin Balci, a female Turkish aid worker, recently wrote a book about one of these youth gangs and their leader whom she calls 'Arab boy' or 'Rashid.' Rashid is a second-generation immigrant from Lebanon. His and other gangs beat and intimidate female school teachers, terrorize the streets, rob supermarkets and shops, regard German girls as their own property and ignore well intentioned but ineffective aid workers. These gang members evolve into seasoned criminals who run prostitution rings. Christians are intimidated as well. A Syrian-Orthodox boy was attacked by Rashid's gang. Rashid called him 'a Jewish swine' ('Judensau'), although he wasn't Jewish at all.

It happened recently in Berlin: a gang of two Arabs and two Turkish robbers attacked Grand Hyatt casino personnel with guns and machetes and made off with over US $ 325,000 in cash. What was striking was not only their young age, but also their extremely violent behavior. The two Turks were Vedat S. (aged 21) and Mustafa Ucarkus (aged 20), the two Arabs were Jihad Chetwie (aged 19) and Ahmad Al-Awayti (aged 20). Chetwie fled to his native Lebanon but quicky returned to Germany as he preferred comfortable German prison cells, lenient German courts and German defense lawyers to harsh Lebanese prison conditions.

Criminals have rights, too, you know. All these spoiled youths do hate the West, but, for some reason, they do not wish to renounce their rights under the highly advantageous western court system. The four robbers have been apprehended now and all of them have a substantial criminal record, however young they may be. (German courts are often rather lenient with respect to convicting young frequent offenders who prefer a criminal career to integrating into society and finding a normal job, and these young bastards know this quite well.) Most of the stolen money is probably somewhere in Lebanon.

Dutch police report: Turkish mafia penetated Dutch politics and local government

The situation is equally alarming in the Netherlands where Dutch police reports claim that armed Turkish criminals usually resort to extreme violence. (Illegal possession of arms is quite common among Turks and Kurds in Europe.) A December 2002 police report even says that Turkish mafia members have successfully infiltrated local and provincial governments, local politics and prisons. Some Dutch-Turkish city council members appear to be in close touch with Turkish criminal networks that focus on the heroin and cocaine trade ('Turkse criminele samenwerkingsverbanden'). Dutch-Turkish prison employees enabled convicted Turkish gangsters to continue their illegal activities unabated behind prison walls.

A Dutch-Turkish arms dealer and one of his clients are directly involved in local city government welfare assistance, the police reported. Turkish criminal networks are hardly ever assisted by corrupt native Dutch officials. They invariably turn to Dutch-Turkish government officials in Holland. Those officials who refuse to cooperate may face serious repercussions. Dutch-Turkish policemen may also face serious repercusssions after successful police raids in which substantial amounts of narcotic drugs have been confiscated. Family members in Turkey may be murdered if they don't oblige. In addition to narcotic drugs, Turkish criminal networks in Holland and Belgium focus on mafia-style liquidations, arms trafficking, migrant trafficking, prostitution, passport forgery and last but not least money laundering.

Since the early 1980s Dutch criminal police records show an unually high crime prevalence among Turkish and Moroccan immigrants. Some Dutch cities are terrorized by Moroccan youth gangs. Last year, the Dutch police reported that 30 percent of those who were arrested in the small and picturesque town of Gouda in 2007 were Moroccans.

Turkish youth gangs are not as prevalent in the Netherlands and Belgium as they are in Germany.

More sophisticated Turkish criminals not only successfully infiltrated local government institutions but also the business community and especially the hotel and catering industry (the so-called 'horeca'), travel agencies which focus on Turkey as well as market gardening firms in the 'Westland' area as a means employing illegal immigrants and laundering money. Vast amounts of Turkish mafia money is being transferred to Turkey every month. The Dutch police is simply unable to cope with the scale of this problem. There also budget cuts which adversely affect the police's effectiveness.

Police officials often complain about the leniency of Dutch courts. There is a widespread feeling among Dutch citizens that some courts consider the 'human rights' of the perpetrators more important than those of the victims. Whether this feeling is justified or not, I don't know. It is a fact, however, that some real and very dangerous criminals did receive lenient treatment from Dutch courts.

A notorious and extremely violent Turkish pimp named Saban Baran, aged 38, was in a Dutch jail. This illegal immigrant was the leader of a dangerous Dutch-Turkish and German-Turkish gang of traffickers in women. One of his victims became pregnant. He then told her: 'I'll shoot you if you don't abort your baby.' Saban Baran and his defense lawyer Gerard Spong did not agree with the court conviction and appealed. While in prison, Saban Baran forced one his poor victims, a Dutch prostitute, to marry him. The wedding photo showed a happily smiling couple. Baran then quicky made his wife pregnant, hoping that the appeal court would be lenient enough to allow him to see his baby. Defense lawyer Spong argued that 'my client' would, of course, return to prison afterwards. The naive Dutch appeals court in the town of Zwolle did fall for Mr. Baran's charming smile and his lawyer's assurances and ruled in September 2009 that Baran would be permitted to leave prison for a few days to see his newly born child. Contrary to all assurances and promising smiles, Baran never returned to prison. He fled to Turkey instead.

Some of his former Dutch victims were terrified when they learned that this brute and barbaric criminal, who, just like Nazi SS concentration camp guards, sadistically enjoyed torturing them, had escaped. He had previously told these defenseless victims that he would murder them as soon as he would be out of prison. Why? Just because these women had dared to testify against him court. But now he was free again and able to take revenge. Apparently, Baran's death threats against his former victims were not taken seriously by the appeals court.

How could a court in a provincial town like Zwolle ever be aware of the fact that Turkish and Arab 'honor' not only requires a man to make death threats but also to act upon them? (You are not a man of honor if you don't.) Naturally, there was row in Holland over the court's lame decision. The appeal judges even issued a statement admitting they had made a mistake. But if was far too late by then. Baran fled to Turkey, knowing that the Turkish government would never extradite him to Holland. It was at the end of October 2009 that the Dutch 'National Rapporteur against Trafficking in Women, Corinne Dettmijer, complained that Dutch courts tend to be too lenient in respect of such serious crimes. There is not sufficient expertise among judges. Too many of these criminals are not even convicted at all.

Import-brides, arranged marriages, inbreeding, polygamy, prostitution and honor-killings

Polygamy is a practice the Turkish authorities are not keen to publicise, it is a common occurence in Turkish-Kurdish villages where the official government ban remains ineffective to this very day. Men with five wives do not feel any shame. One the contrary, they are proud of their 'achievements.' Turkey is a male dominated society. As Elif Shafak, one of Turkey's most courageous women, told the French newspaper 'Le Monde' in September 2006: 'Here, the men possess the women and the women possess the children.'

It is estimated that nearly a quarter of all marriages are polygamous in the villages of south-east Anatolia, BBC reporter Nick Read reported. Most marriages in Turkey are arranged marriages. Marriages between nephews and nieces are also rather common. Widespread inbreeding has an adverse effect on the health of children, producing genetic defects.

So-called 'honor-killings' are another major problem in Turkey. Female family members who are 'disobedient' are shot or stabbed to death by other male family members.

All these rather primitive social and cultural customs have been exported to Europe by Turkish immigrants. Rarely do traditionally minded Turkish male immigrants marry a westernized and well-integrated Turkish woman who speaks the local language and is hard to distinguish from native Dutch, German, Belgian or British women. Instead, they often prefer a young and usually barely literate woman from their village, family or clan. Love does not mean a thing to these people, family honor is often the only thing that really matters. These poor women are then imported into Europe and are generally known as 'import brides' who have no rights whatsoever. Domestic violence is not exceptional. It is a cruel form of slavery tolerated in western societies which have officially abolished these primitive customs long ago.

Several courageous Turkish and Moroccan import brides have now written their shocking memoirs. One of them is Necla Kelek whose book 'Die fremde Braut' ('The bride from abroad') claims to shatter illusions about 'multiculturalism.' This young Turkish woman writes that 'the average import bride has just turned 18, she comes from a village in the countryside and barely knows how write and read. She is then forced by her (often poor) parents to marry a Turkish man in Germany whom she never met before.

Once in Germany, she is forced to obey her husband and his family and not allowed to see any native Germans. If she dares to fall out of line she will be sent back to Turkey, thus bringing shame on her own family and her husband's family, and that could even result in her being 'put to death' by one of her family members ('honor killing'). She must give birth to as many children as possible. If there are no children, she will also soon become an outcast.

Aylin Korkmaz is another Turkish woman in Germany who wrote her memoirs. She, too, was, one of those many import brides. She divorced her Turkish-Kurdish husband Mehmet in 2003. Mehmet did not want to leave her alone and stalked her. He assured German officials in German that he would not do any harm to his ex-wife but what the officials did not understand was what he confided to her in Turkish: 'I am not stupid. I'll wait for the right moment and then I'll cut off your head.' Aylin tried to convince these German officials that her ex had just told her that he would murder her, but the officials did not take it seriously. Mehmet's 'right moment' came in November 2007 when he broke into her home and attacked her with a knife, mutilating both her face and body. It is a miracle she survived. Aylin's face will be mutilated for the rest of her life.

Seyran Ates is a German-Turkish lawyer who wrote a shocking book criticizing Muslim headscarfs, honor crimes, arranged marriages, polygamy ('die Vielehe'), sexual abuse, sharia and 'the error of multiculturalism' ('der Multikulti-Irrtum'). She quickly received death threats from aggressive males. Hate mails like this one: 'People like you must by killed, take this warning seriously or we will not be responsible for what could happen to you.'

There are also important books in Holland such as Clementine van Eck's doctoral dissertation on honor crime ('namus') among Turks in the Netherlands. Dr. Van Eck discusses a number of shocking cases between 1972 and 1993. Renates van der Zee's, 'Een meisje voor dag en nacht' (on incest in Dutch-Moroccan families) and Jale Simsek's book 'Eerwraak' ('Honor crime') are also books worth mentioning.

© 2010 Emerson Vermaat. All rights reserved.

Emerson Vermaat is an investigative reporter in the Netherlands, specialized in terrorism and crime. Website: www.emersonvermaat.com.

 


Sources

Spiegelonline, March 17, 2010 ('Ankara seeks influence through Turks living abroad'); Münchner Merkur (Munich), March 18, 2010. p. 4 ('Erdogan ruft Europas Türken').

Spiegelonline, November 2, 2008 ('Erdogan's one man show'). 'I am your prime minister.' Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Frankfurt), March 19, 2010, p. 6 ('Erdogans viele Kinder').

Pauw & Witteman (talkshow on Dutch TV), March 2, 2010 (Dutch aid workers expelled from Morocco); NRC Handelsblad, March 15, 2010, p. 3 ('De Marokkaanse weeskinderen kregen ook koranles'). 'Nederlandse medewerkers weeshuis Marokko boos over uitzetting vanwege bekeringsactiviteiten, minister Verhagen ontbiedt ambassadeur.'

General Security and Intelligence Service (AIVD), Annual Report 2008 (The Hague: AIVD, 2009), p. 41; Algemene Inlichtingen- en veiligheidsdienst (AIVD), Jaarverslag 2008 (The Hague: AIVD, 2009), p. 46. 'Op aangeven van de AIVD is naar aanleiding van deze kwestie een aantal in Nederland gestationeerde Marokkaanse diplomaten (plural!) teruggeroepen naar Marokko.' See also: De Volkskrant (Amsterdam), September 17, 2008 ('Benaderd door de Marokkaanse geheime dienst'). Efforts to recruit Dutch policmen were not always successful, though. 'De Volkskrant' reported that an Amsterdam policeman had been approached by a Moroccan consulate official who asked him: 'Aren't you working for the Dutch police?' The policeman did not trust the official and declined to accept further invitations. Rotterdam city council member Fouad el Haji, is quoted as follows in the same newspaper: 'Marokkaanse Nederlanders die belangrijke functies bekleden, worden aangesproken door de geheime dienst. Als je Marokko bezoekt, word je nog meer in de watten gelegd. Het subtiele vlei- en trekwerk noem, ik dat.'

De Volkskrant, September 18, 2008 ('Marokkaanse spion kan Nederlands paspoort verliezen'); Marokkaanse bemoeienis ergert kabinet en Kamer; Metro (Amsterdam/Rotterdam), May 28, 2009 ('Agent drie jaar spion'). The AIVD refers to more than one Dutch-Moroccan police officer who had been recruited.

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV), Verfassungsschutzbericht 2008 (Cologone/Berlin: BfV, 2009), p. 249 ('Jihad'), p. 253 ('...unsere grundlegende Mission...' '...einen Platz innerhalb der Führungsklasse der Gesellschaft anzustreben...').

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV), Verfassungsschutzbericht 2005 (Cologne/Berlin: BfV, 2006), p. 217 ('Politik kann mit der Scharia eine gerechte Basis schaffen...'), p. 216 ('Grosstürkei,' ...eine islamische Weltordnung), p. 222 (Antisemitismus).

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV), Verfassungsschutzbericht 2007 (Cologne/Berlin: BfV, 2008), p. 226 ('...gemässigte Islam...' '...das ihr Glaube die Weltordnung beherrscht...' '...Eroberung...").

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV), Verfassungsschutzbericht 2006 (Cologne/Berlin: BfV, 2007), p. 241 ('Gross-Türkei'), p. 242 ('Weltzionismus...' 'Die Medien sind so wie so in den Händen der Zionisten.'), p. 251 ('...die Legende, dass 6 Millionen Juden ermordet worden seien.'). http.//de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judenboycott (Nazi propaganda in Nazi Germany (Hitler, Goebbels and others): 'Internationale Weltjuden.' 'Die überwiegend in jüdischen Händen befindliche Presse.').

Jan Riebe, Im Spannungsfeld von Rassismus und Antisemitismus. Das Verhältnis der deutschen extremen Rechten zu islamistischen Gruppen (Marburg: Tectum Verlag, 2006), p. 103; Junge Freiheit, November 28, 1997, p. 3 (Mehmet Erbakan: 'Der türkische Laizismus kennt keine Religionsfreiheit').

Erdal Balci, Profiel Recep Tayyib Erdogan. Een marathon tot aan de dood, in: De Groene Amsterdammer (Amsterdam), p. 17, 19 (Anti-Semitic quote from Erdogan: 'The Jews are the driving force behind the United States and the Soviet Union.'

BBC News, November 3, 2002, ('Turkish pro-Islamic leader'). Quote Erdogan: 'The mosques are our barracks...'

Corry Guttstadt, Die Türkei, die Juden und der Holocaust (Berlin: Assoziation A, 2008), p. 169-174 (Turkish community in Nazi Germany), p. 448-451 (Turkish consul in Milan who saved many Jews during the Second World War).

Stanford J. Shaw, Turkey and the Holocaust: Turkey's Role in Rescuing Turkish and European Jewry from Nazi Persecution, 1933-1945 (New York: New York University Press, 1993). A summary (written by Stanford Shaw) available on the internet.

Frank Bovenkerk, Yücel Yesilgöz. De maffia van Turkije (Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1998).

Donal MacIntyre, World's most dangerous cities (Istanbul), investigative documentary, RTL7 TV (Netherlands), March 21, 2010. Turkish mafia in Britain: 'Significant security threat.' Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik 2008 (Bundeskriminalamt, German criminal police annual report), p. 112 (Non-German suspects: 22 percent Turkish in 2008), p. 135 ('Über ihre Anteil an der Gesamtzahl der nichtdeutschen Tatverdächtigen wurden bei Sexualdelikten vor allen Türken ermittelt.'), p. 222 (drug crime). 3 percent Nigerians is substantial as the there much fewer Nigerans in Germany than there are Turks. The same applies to drug dealers from Sierra Leone. Güner Yasemin Balci, Arabboy. Eine Jugend in Deutschland oder das kurze Leben des Rashid A. (Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 2010), p. 9-23, 31-34 (beating native German girls; robbing old ladies), p. 51-53 ('Ey, du Judensau!'). Bild (Munich/Berlin), March 18, 2010), p. 1, 17 ('Das sind die Poker-Räuber!'), Bild, March 20, 2010, p. 21 ('Poker-Räuber fleht nacht Flucht in den Lebanon. Bringt mich in einen deutschen knast.'). Research author in Germany. The gang planned to rob much more money but was stopped by casino employees after which a heavy fight broke out. Visitors fled in panic. I saw the video pictures.

Algemene Criminaliteitsanalyse Turkije 2000-2002 (Zwolle, Netherlands: Politie IIsselland/Kernteam Noord- en Oost-Nederland, December 2009), p. 98-105 (Dutch police report on Turkish mafia networks in Holland and successful attempts to penetrate local government and politics). Page 99: 'Op grond van de onderzoeken kan worden geconcludeerd dat Turkse criminele samenwerkingsverbanden nauwelijks gebruik maken van corrupte autochtone Nederlandse overheidsfunctionarissen (rarely do Turkish criminal networks cooperate with corrupt native Dutch officials). Wel valt op dat er contact bestaat tussen Turkse criminele verbanden en Turkse ambtenaren in dienst van de Nederlandse overheid, zoals bijvoorbeeld bij de sociale dienst en het gevangeniswezen (prisons). Ook blijken leden van Turkse criminele verbanden actief te zijn in de politiek wat mogelijk resulteert in een ongewenste invloed op besluitvormings- en uitvoeringsprocessen.' (Penetarion of local politics.) Author's file on Turkish mafia networks in Holland and Belgium.

W.A.C van Tilburg, Analyse Marokkaanse daderpopulaties van gemeenten in Nederland (KLPD, Netherlands: January 2009). Dutch police report on Moroccan crime). This initially internal police report was made public in March 2010. Its findings were alarming.

Author's file and research on Saban Baran (2009/2010); see also: RTL4 Nieuws (Dutch TV), September 17, 2009; Nova (Dutch TV), September 17, 2001; Pauw & Witteman (Dutch TV), September 25, 2009 (Defense lawyer Gerard Spong); Netwerk (Dutch TV), September 24, 2009 (Baran tegen zwangere vrouw: 'Als je 't niet laat weghalen dan schiet ik je dood.'); Het Parool (Amsterdam), September 16, 2009 ('Brute pooier vlucht na gerechtshofblunder'); Het Parool, September 17, 2009, p. 1 ('Slachtoffers Saban Baran doodsbang'); Het Parool, September 19, 2009, p. 6, 7 ('Hoe Nederland zichzelf te kijk zet met Sabans vrijlating'); NRC Handelsblad, September 23, 2009, p. , 3 ('Na ontsnapping mensenhandelaar durven vrouwen niet te getuigen'); NRC Handelsblad, October 3, 2009, p. 3 ('Opsporingsinstanties krijgen enkel met veel moeite vat op mensenhandelaars'. 'In drie maanden veertig keer geslagen'); De Telegraaf (Amsterdam), September 19, 2010, p. 1 ('Baran bruut beest'). Judges in the town of Zwolle were also very lenient when they convicted a gang of Nigerian traffickers in women last year. The leaders of the gang will now be free after a few years. Other gang members weren't even convicted. The gang had employed so called voodoo-rituals to force defenseless Nigerian girls into prostition in Holland, France and Italy. Most sub-Saharan Africans still believe in the magical and irrational powers of witchcraft – which is also common among African and Caribbean immigrants or asylum seekers in Europe and North America. NOS Journaal en RTL4 Nieuws (Dutch TV), October 29, 2009, NRC Handelsblad, October 29, 2009, p. 2 ('Aantal vrijspraken in mensenhandel is hoog'). Le Monde, September 22, 2006, p. 18 (Elif Shafak: L'intrépide d'Istanbul'). 'Ici les hommes possèdent les femmes, et les femmes possèdent les enfants.' BBC News, August 30, 2005 ('The hidden wives of Turkey'). Necla Kelek, Die fremde Braut. Ein Bericht aus dem inneren des türkischen Lebens in Deutschland (Munich: Wilhelm Goldmann Verlag, 2006), p. 183, 184. Aylin Korkmaz, Ich schrie um mein Leben. Ehrenmord mitten in Deutschland (Cologne: Fackelträger Verlag, 2010), p. 189-202. Seyran Ates, Der Multikulti-Irrum. Wie wir in Deutschland besser zusammenleben können (Berlin: Ullstein Buchverlage, 2007), p. 119. Clementine van Eck, Door bloed gezuiverd. Eerwraak bij Turken in Nederland (Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Bert Bakker, 2001), p. 249-270. Renate van der Zee, Een meisje voor dag en nacht. Waargebeurd verhaal over een Marokkaanse vrouw die afrekent met haar jeugd (Breda: De Geus BV, 2010). Renate van der Zee also wrote an important Dutch study on 'Eerwraak in Nederland' (Honor crime in Holland); NRC Handelsblad, March 18, 2010, p. 6 ('Als de man de baas is, is meisje makkelijk slachtoffer'). On incest in Moroccan and Turkish families. Jale Simsek, Eerwraak. Traditioneel geweld tegen Turkse vrouwen en meisjes (Utrecht: Stichting Inspraakorgaan Turken in Nederland, 2006).

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